Physics 504: Statistical Mechanics and Kinetic Theory

Spring 2016

Instructor: Nigel Goldenfeld

Time: 2.00-3.20pm Mondays and Wednesdays
Place: 158 LLP
OFFICE HOUR: 4-5 Mondays ESB 3-113

Announcements

Please sign-up for the email list of the class, to receive homework assignments, last minute announcements, class cancellations etc.  You will not be able to receive the homework assignments without doing this. IMPORTANT: use only your @illinois.edu email address. Everyone attending the class needs to do this, even if you are auditing or not taking the class for credit. [Please note: Doing this does not change your registration status for the class. The email address is just used by the teacher to contact all the students in the class, including those auditing.]

The Gradebook is available online.

The lecture notes for the class are online to people at UIUC.  You may download these for your own use only.  Please do not redistribute them to anyone else.  Thank you. A list of typos or mistakes is here. Please update this open document if you find more errors.

Contact and office hour information for the two graders for the class: Ji Young Kim (jkim623@illinois.edu; LLP 390B; office hour Fri 3-4pm) and Chi Xue (chixue2@illinois.edu; ESB 3107; office hour Tue 5-6pm). If you wish to make an appointment to see the graders outside their office hour, please make appointment by email only, not phone. Please note that they will not respond to any email that is not an @illinois.edu email address, so do not use gmail etc for course matters.

Handouts and Homework

Course details

Homework 1

Homework 2

Homework 3

Homework 4

Homework 5

Homework 6

Homework 7

Homework 8

Homework 9

Homework 10

Further reading

Fluctuations in Temperature in Statistical Mechanics

This is a somewhat confusing and controversial subject, because the discussion relates to the basic assumptions of statistical mechanics. Here are a few interesting articles on the topic, but please read them critically.

Computationally efficient models of fluid dynamics

You can read more about the lattice gas approach to fluid dynamics and an extension of the idea known as lattice Boltzmann hydrodynamics here:

A good reference to applications is Lattice Gas Cellular Automata: Simple Models of Complex Hydrodynamics by D. Rothman and S. Zaleski.  These same authors have a somewhat different review article entitled Lattice-gas models of phase separation: interfaces, phase transitions, and multiphase flow in Reviews of Modern Physics, 66, 1417 (1994).

Modern research on these and other methods is reported in the condensed matter and comp-gas (cellular automata and lattice gas) preprint archives at Los Alamos.

Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou

The Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou problem is still a topic of interest, and a recent review can be found in this article. An important historical note is here, and the original report (which was never published) is here. A visualization showing the surprising result is here.

Glass

In class we talked briefly about the problems of equilibration and the notion that glass is a solid that flows on a long enough timescale.  In fact, it does not seem to be true that cathedrals in Europe have windows that are thicker at the bottom than the top due to this effect.   Quantitative calculations show that the timescale for the requisite flow is too long.  Read more about this in Science News Online; in Discover magazine; and in the American Journal of Physics 66, 392 (1998).


Exact solutions of the two dimensional Ising model

Here is a recent article that reviews briefly analytic solutions of the two-dimensional Ising model, and in particular the mapping to a system of free fermions which is what enables the analytic solutions.  The article has references in it to much earlier work, especially the seminal review article of Schultz, Mattis and Lieb, Rev. Mod. Phys. 36, 856 (1964).  Some historical context and a brief discussion of the way in which the Onsager solution has influenced subsequent developments is given in this article, written on the 50th anniversary of Onsager's solution.

Statistical Mechanics on the WWW

Link to recent papers on the statistical mechanics section of the condensed matter preprint archive at Los Alamos. Note that many, many papers relevant to statistical mechanics and phase transition physics are not listed here, but appear in the condensed matter section.

Software

There are several computer simulations of the Ising model and other simple statistical mechanics model available on the WWW. With these you can visualise equilibrium behaviour of correlations, dynamic critical behaviour and even the kinetics of the approach to equilibrium. These include the following links:

Some of the modern applications of phase transition and RG ideas are to complex dynamical systems in economics, sociology, computer networks etc. A good resource is the Santa Fe Institute and the New England Complex Systems Institute.


Nigel Goldenfeld

Telephone: (217)-333-8027

Office: 3113 ESB
Nigel Goldenfeld's Home Page

Department of Physics home page
University of Illinois home page


Updated January 2016